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Article 5 speaks about the citizenship of India at the commencement of the Constitution Nov 26, Article 11 gave powers to the Parliament of India to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

This provision resulted in the enactment of Citizenship Act by the Indian Parliament. At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and — a who was born in the territory of India; or b either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or c who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

Notwithstanding anything in articles 5 and 6, a person who has after the first day of Marchmigrated from the territory of India to the territory now included in Pakistan shall not be deemed to be a citizen of India: Provided that nothing in this article shall apply to a person who, after having so migrated to the territory now included in Pakistan, has returned to the territory of India under a permit for resettlement or permanent return issued by or under the authority of any law and every such person shall for the purposes of clause b of Article 6 be deemed to have migrated to the territory of India after the nineteenth day of July, Take a Free Test.

Notwithstanding anything in article 5, any person who or either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, as originally enactedand who is ordinarily residing in any country outside India as so defined shall be deemed to be a citizen of India if he has been registered as a citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representative of India in the country where he is for the time being residing on an application made by him therefor to such diplomatic or consular representative, whether before or after the commencement of this Constitution, in the form and manner prescribed by the Government of the Dominion of India or the Government of India.

No person shall be a citizen of India by virtue of article 5 or be deemed to be a citizen of India by virtue of article 6 or article 8 if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

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Every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India under any of the foregoing provisions of this Part shall, subject to the provisions of any law that may be made by Parliament, continue to be such citizen. Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Part shall derogate from the power of Parliament to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

Alex Andrews George is a mentor, author, and entrepreneur. He is the author of many best-seller books like 'Important Judgments that transformed India' and 'Important Acts that transformed India'. Also relate the views of article 35A in Constitution with citizenship. Because, left hand side letters is not properly. At the same time there is no words.

Did Article 5 only come into force on 26th Nov.

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Your email address will not be published. Article 5 : Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and — a who was born in the territory of India; or b either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or c who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

Article 7: Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan Notwithstanding anything in articles 5 and 6, a person who has after the first day of Marchmigrated from the territory of India to the territory now included in Pakistan shall not be deemed to be a citizen of India: Provided that nothing in this article shall apply to a person who, after having so migrated to the territory now included in Pakistan, has returned to the territory of India under a permit for resettlement or permanent return issued by or under the authority of any law and every such person shall for the purposes of clause b of Article 6 be deemed to have migrated to the territory of India after the nineteenth day of July, Only if you are guided the right way.

Share Integrate Learning With Test-Taking! We can help you score high marks! Are you ready to practise the right way? Get our newsletter Don't miss our email updates! First Name E-Mail Address. Comments Very nice. I need further information about citizenship. Date of commencement is Quite scintillating step forward….The selected candidates will now be called for the personality test or interview. The candidates would be required to produce the original certificates in support of their claims relating to age, educational qualifications.

The merit list has been released and marks of the candidates will be available within 15 days from the date of declaration of final results. The main exam is scheduled to be held on January 8.

The coaching classes will include classes on general studies, CSAT, and selected optional papers.

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Test series, answer evaluation and essay writing practice will also be part of the training. Hostel accommodation will also be provided to candidates, if available. A total of candidates qualified in the recruitment exams. Download admit card at upsc. Paper 1 will be conducted from to in which candidates will be assessed over general medicine and paediatrics.

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In paper 2 scheduled from 2 to 4 pm the exam will be of surgery, gynaecology and obstetrics, and preventive and social medicine subjects. The candidates will get their scores 15 days later. Aishwarya Sheoran, who cleared the UPSC examinations securing the 93rd rank, says she always aspired to be a civil servant.

In an interview, the former beauty queen told indianexpress. However, as I am a nerd, I wanted to return to my first love — academics. The second rank is secured by Jatin Kishore.

Pratibha Verma at Rank 3 is the highest scorer among females. Interested candidates can apply at upsc. The Mains examination will be conducted on September 20, Top news. News Photos. Load More. Technology Poco C3 Review: Good battery yes, but is that enough?Also simply referred to as the UPSC examination[2] it is conducted in three phases - a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSATand a main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional essay type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted followed by a personality test interview.

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It is considered to be the most difficult competitive examination in India. A single attempt takes two complete years of preparation - one year before the prelims and one year from prelims to interview. In total, one sits in actual exam for 32 hours from prelims till interview. On average,to 1, candidates apply every year and the number of candidates sitting in the preliminary examination is approximatelyEligibility for the examination is as follows: [2] [4].

Union Public Service Commission

All candidates must have as a minimum one of the following educational qualifications: [2]. The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years for the General category candidate on 1 August of the year of examination. Prescribed age limits vary with respect to caste reservations. The number of times a candidate can appear for the exam are given below.

However, applying to sit the exam but failing to attend is not counted as an attempt. Generally the number of vacancies varies every year. The number of candidates that pass the preliminary examination is generally 11 or 12 times the number of vacancies, and the number of candidates selected for the final interview is twice the number of vacancies. Following are the services which one gets on qualifying the Civil Service Examination.

The pattern of the Preliminary examination up to was based on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission It included two examinations, one on general studies worth marks, and the second on one of 23 optional subjects worth marks.

Untilwhen it was revamped, [14] the preliminary pattern was sustained with only minor changes once every ten to fifteen years. From onwards, the preliminary examination intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than the ability to memorize. The new pattern includes two papers of two hours duration and marks each.

In Augustthe Centre announced that English marks in CSAT will not be included for gradation or merit and candidates may get a second chance to appear for the test next year. In Maythe Government of India announced that Paper II of the preliminary examination will be qualifying in nature i.

The Civil Services Mains Examination consists of a written examination and an interview. The Civil Services Main written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying and seven ranking in nature. The range of questions may vary from just one mark to sixty marks, twenty words to words answers.

Each paper is of a duration of 3 hours. Candidates who pass qualifying papers are ranked according to marks and a selected number of candidates are called for interview or a personality test at the Commission's discretion. According to the new marks allocations in Civil Service Examination there are some changes made in the examination according to the suggestion of the Prof. Nigavekar Committee. The examination is more than the following languages, with the name of the script in brackets: [21].

Officially called the "Personality Test", the objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to evaluate the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only a candidate's intellectual qualities, but also social traits and interest in current affairs.

Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.

The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination, but of a natural, though directed and purposeful conversation that is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. The interview is not intended to test either of the specialized or general knowledge of the candidate, which has been already tested through written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study, but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of all well-educated youth.It is also required to be consulted by the Government in matters relating to the appointment, transfer, promotion and disciplinary matters.

The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government through him. Although, such advice is not binding on the Government. The commission is headquartered at Dholpur Housein New Delhi and functions through its own secretariat. It was given a constitutional status with under of Constitution of India on 26 January As per Art.

In case the office of the Chairman becomes vacant his duties shall be performed by one of the other members of the Commission as the President may appoint for the purpose. Also, nearly half of the members of the Commission shall be persons who at the dates of their respective appointments have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the Government of a State.

A member of a Union Public Service Commission shall hold office for a term of six years from the date on which he enters upon his office or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier. Under Artthe President is empowered to determine number of members of the Commission and their conditions of service.

Further, he can make provision with respect to the number of members of the staff of the Commission and their conditions of service too. Also, conditions of service cannot be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment. As per Arta person who holds office as Chairman shall, on the expiration of his term of office, be ineligible for re-appointment to that office.

The President may suspend the Chairman or other member of the Commission until report of the Supreme Court is received. It shall also assist two or more States, if requested so, in framing and operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services. It shall be the duty of a Union Public Service Commission to advise on any matter referred to them; provided that the President has not made any regulations specifying the matters in which it shall not be necessary for Union Public Service Commission to be consulted.

On receipt of such report, the President shall present a copy before each House of Parliament; together with a memorandum, if any, explaining the reasons where the advice of the Commission was not accepted by him. The Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by The President of India. Usually, the Commission consists of 9 to 11 members including the chairman.

The terms and conditions of service of chairman and members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission Members Regulations, The chairman and any other member of the Commission can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India. He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehaviour only if an inquiry of such misbehavior is made and upheld by Supreme Court or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.Its location is now the site of Antichak village, Bhagalpur district in Bihar.

Vikramashila was established by the Pala emperor Dharmapala to AD in response to a supposed decline in the quality of scholarship at Nalanda. It was allegedly destroyed by the forces of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji around According to Tibetan sources, five great Mahaviharas stood out: Vikramashila, the premier university of the era; Nalandapast its prime but still illustrious, SomapuraOdantapuraand Jagaddala.

It prospered for about four centuries before it was destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji along with the other major centres of Buddhism in India around Vikramashila was one of the largest Buddhist universities, with more than one hundred teachers and about one thousand students.

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It produced eminent scholars who were often invited by foreign countries to spread Buddhist learning, culture and religion. The most distinguished and eminent among all was Atisha Dipankara, a founder of the Sarma traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.

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Subjects like philosophy, grammar, metaphysics, Indian logic etc. According to scholar Sukumar Dutt, Vikramashila appears to have had a more clearly delineated hierarchy than other mahaviharas, as follows: [8].

Jayabhadra, a monk from Sri Lanka, was the first prominent commentator on the Cakrasamvara tantra. The remains of the ancient university have been partially excavated in Bhagalpur districtBihar state, Indiaand the process is still underway. Meticulous excavation at the site was conducted initially by B. It has revealed a huge square monastery with a cruciform stupa in its centre, a library building and cluster of votive stupas.

The entire spread is over an area of more than one hundred acres. The monastery, or residence for the Buddhist monks, is a huge square structure, each side measuring metres having a series of cells, 52 on each of the four sides opening into a common verandah. A few brick arched underground chambers beneath some of the cells have also been noticed which were probably meant for confined meditation by the monks.

The main stupa built for the purpose of worship is a brick structure laid in mud mortar which stands in the centre of the square monastery. This two-terraced stupa is cruciform on plan and about 15 metres high from the ground level accessible through a flight of steps on the north side. On each of the four cardinal directions there is a protruding chamber with a pillared antechamber and a separate pillared mandapa in front.

In the four chambers of the stupa were placed colossal stucco images of seated Buddha of which three were found in situ but the remaining one on north side was possibly replaced by a stone image after the clay image was somehow damaged. About 32 metres south of the monastery on its south west corner and attached with the main monastery through a narrow corridor is a rectangular structure identified as a library building.

It was air-conditioned by cooled water of the adjoining reservoir through a range of vents in the back wall. The system was perhaps meant for preserving delicate manuscripts. A large number of antiquities of different materials, unearthed from this place in the course of excavation, are displayed in the site museum maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

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The Stupa is a sacred solid structure raised over the body remains or belongings of Buddha or a distinguished monk; or to commemorate any event associated with them. But some stupas are merely symbolic made for worship by the monks. A votive stupa is a miniature stupa erected by a devotee in gratitude of fulfilment of his desire. The Vikramashila stupa built for the purpose of worship is a brick structure laid in mud mortar and stands in the centre of the square monastery.

This two terraced stupa is cruciform on plan and about 15 metres high from the ground level. The lower terrace is about 2. At both terraces there is a circumambulatory path, the lower about 4. The main stupa placed over the upper terrace is accessible through a flight of steps on the north side on each of the four cardinal directions.The self drive tour in Iceland was also great, no issues with any logistics.

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Just concluding a one-week tour of Iceland, arranged by Nordic Visitor. My hobby is traveling, so I have worked with a number of companies, none, however, as superb as Nordic Visitor. The thoroughness, attention to detail and concern for the welfare of me and my two friends, as shown by our contact Hilmar, was just outstanding.

If you are planning to visit Iceland this is definitely the company to use. My sister, niece and I decided to go to Iceland and wanted to be on our own (not with a group tour) but were overwhelmed with trying to plan the trip. Decided to go with the help of Nordic Visitor and it was the absolute best decision we made.

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This sweet lady went far above and beyond helping us with EVERY SINGLE LITTLE detail. This trip (ten day self drive) is designed to allow you to be on your own but they make all the reservations for you -accommodations, optional activities, car rental (provide you with such a color-coded map, GPS, a temporary phone to use and step by step details to your itinerary plus suggested sights to see along the way). There wasn't a stone unturned - the attention to every detail was mind-blowing.

And the courtesy calls and rapid response to us were superior. This sweet gal has to be a superhero and an angel all rolled into one. Also - my luggage did not arrive with me in Iceland and being on the go constantly would have made it difficult for it to catch up with me but, once again, I was able to go about my vacation while Signy spent so much time recovering it for me and making sure it got to me as fast as possible.

I never once had to deal with its loss and I know this is not part of her job but she did it anyway. Signy - I hope you see this review (sure wished we would have been able to meet you) and hope your superiors see this review too. You deserve all the praise I can offer and hope you are treated accordingly. THANK YOU - THANK YOU for making our trip to Iceland one incredibly, beautiful experience.

The hotels were always well chosen close to our travel arangements.

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